Tuesday, 19 January 2021

FDA announces Plant and Animal Biotechnology Innovation Plan

01 November 2018 | News

The FDA is also piloting a new Veterinary Innovation Program (VIP) for developers of intentionally genetically altered (IGA) animals and animal cells, tissues and cell- or tissue-based products (ACTPs) that are seeking the FDA’s approval of a new animal drug application.

Representative Image

Representative Image

The US FDA is taking new steps to foster innovation in the emerging space of plant and animal biotechnology. The FDA has announced a new Plant and Animal Biotechnology Innovation Action Plan.

The new plan identifies priorities in three important areas:

  • Advancing human and animal health by promoting product innovation and applying modern, efficient and risk-based regulatory pathways
  • Strengthening public outreach and communication regarding the FDA’s approach to innovative plant and animal biotechnology
  • Increasing engagement with domestic and international partners on biotechnology issues

The FDA also stated that many of the priorities identified in the Action Plan are well underway. It further stated that it will be seeking public input as appropriate, over the coming year, with the expectation of continuing implementation and making meaningful progress on the Action Plan’s commitments in the months and years ahead.

The FDA has announced that as a first step, the FDA will adopt a comprehensive policy framework for the development and regulatory oversight of animal biotechnology products, including for intentionally genetically altered animals and the food and drug products derived from them. This modern, flexible framework will advance the agency’s commitment to safety while promoting innovation in this space. Their shared goal is to help usher in new, beneficial and safe products to consumers and animals as quickly and safely as possible.

As part of this effort, the agency intends to publish two guidance documents over the next year. These new guidances will provide more clarity on how the FDA is applying its regulatory oversight to evaluate new animal biotechnology products based on the risk profile of various products.

The FDA is also piloting a new Veterinary Innovation Program (VIP) for developers of intentionally genetically altered (IGA) animals and animal cells, tissues and cell- or tissue-based products (ACTPs) that are seeking the FDA’s approval of a new animal drug application. The program will provide intensive assistance for developers of IGA animals or ACTPs that benefit human or animal health, animal well-being or food production. The goal of the VIP is to facilitate advancements in the development of innovative animal products by enhancing certainty in the regulatory process, encouraging development and research, and supporting an efficient and predictable pathway to market for certain, innovative animal products.

Building on the agency’s more than 25 years of world-class plant biotechnology evaluations, the FDA also intends to publish guidance to clarify our regulatory approach for plant biotechnology products for human and animal food. The FDA has evaluated the safety of food from more than 180 varieties of genetically engineered plants. Many of these products are consumed by Americans every day. The guidance will provide the clarification necessary to help small and medium size firms understand their responsibilities under our regulatory framework so that they’re better able to navigate the regulatory pathway toward bringing safe, innovative plant biotechnology products to market.

Another key focus of their Action Plan is a robust communications and engagement strategy designed to continue collaborations with a wide range of stakeholders to understand their views on how the FDA can best support safe innovation in plant and animal biotechnology while addressing and appropriately considering any potential risks. Such outreach is crucial to help ensure that the FDA is fostering innovation while at the same time helping the agency uphold its mission of protecting and promoting public health.

 It has also announced that the FDA is dedicated to increasing this coordination with all stakeholders, including small developers, in order to improve their understanding of the FDA’s regulatory approaches, to develop and advance new approaches, and to take all steps necessary to help ensure that products developed using biotechnology meet the FDA’s safety standards. We’re also committed to continued collaboration with our federal partners, including the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, as it evaluates ways to make more transparent, predictable and efficient our oversight of products developed using genome editing and other new plant and animal development techniques.

As the final element of our Action Plan, the FDA remains committed to efforts with domestic and international partners to foster efficiency and regulatory cooperation and enhance regulatory science. For example, we hope to engage in a dialogue about how transformative biotechnology tools, such as genome editing, may eventually be used to help address vector-borne diseases like the Zika virus. We believe that our actions in plant biotechnology regulation will further establish the FDA as a global leader in the regulation of plant biotechnology products, while also positioning us to set the standard in discussions with our international partners regarding appropriate regulatory oversight of plant biotechnology food products.

The Action Plan is intended to help the agency ensure the safety of plant and animal biotechnology products, foster continued public confidence in the FDA’s regulation of these products, and avoid unnecessary barriers to future innovations that align with our mission. FDA is looking forward to collaborating with all biotechnology stakeholders to promote efficient and clear regulatory pathways that enable these novel products to enter the marketplace and ensure that they meet applicable safety standards.

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