12 Nov 2013, Nandita Singh, BioSpectrum
Seoul: Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly & Company have announced new data that reinforces the efficacy and tolerability of linagliptin in patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and liver disease, as well as in Asians with T2D (65 years and older). The data adds to a growing body of clinical evidence supporting the use of linagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor from Boehringer Ingelheim (BI) and Eli Lilly and Company, in a broad range of adults with T2D.
The data was shared at the 2013 International Conference on Diabetes and Metabolism & 5th Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes (AASD) Annual Scientific meeting held in Seoul, South Korea.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA), Japan Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) and several other regulatory authorities worldwide have approved linagliptin for the treatment of adults with T2D as monotherapy or in combination with metformin, metformin + sulphonylurea, and as add-on therapy to insulin. With linagliptin, no dose adjustment is required regardless of renal function or hepatic impairment.
Adults with T2D, aged 65 years or older, and those with pre-existing liver and biliary disease are characterized by limited treatment options. With the rate of T2D rapidly growing in Asia, and the prevalence of T2D and hepatobiliary diseases being high, especially in Asian countries, effective and safe treatment options are increasingly becoming a priority. Given the major elimination of linagliptin via the entero-hepatic system, further characterizing the efficacy and safety of linagliptin in T2D patients with liver and biliary complications becomes particularly important.
An estimated 371 million people worldwide have Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type, accounting for an estimated 90 percent of all diabetes cases. Fifty percent of these patients are in Asia with China and India accounting for over 90 percent of the diabetes patients in Asia. Globally, $471 billion was spent as healthcare expenditure due to diabetes and 4.8 million lost their lives to this disease. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body either does not properly produce, or use, the hormone insulin.
Linagliptin (5 mg) is marketed in Europe as Trajenta and in the US as Tradjenta, as a once-daily tablet that is used along with diet and exercise to improve glycaemic control in adults with T2D. Linagliptin is not to be used in patients with Type 1 Diabetes or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).
Diabetes pioneer Eli Lilly & Company, and Ingelheim, Germany-headquartered Boehringer Ingelheim had entered into an alliance in January 2011 that centres on three compounds representing several of the largest diabetes treatment classes, in an effort to address the unmet need in diabetes therapy.
Some data highlights from the 2013 AASD Annual Scientific Conference
Efficacy and tolerability in people with T2D and previous/currentliver and biliary disease
In a pooled analysis of 17 double-blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trials investigating the efficacy and tolerability of linagliptin in people with T2D and self-reported previous/currentliver and biliary disease, results showed:
Efficacy and safety in Asian elderly patients with T2D
In a second pooled analysis investigating the efficacy and safety of linagliptin (as monotherapy or in combination with common anti-hyperglycaemic drugs) in Asian people aged 65 years or older with uncontrolled T2D, results showed: