Updated on 23 January 2015
Prof. Paul Matsudaira, head- Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore
Singapore: "It is imperative that Singapore continue to fund basic research, without a pipeline of discoveries the pipeline feeding novel technology will dry up quickly. Second, let the talent decide the areas for basic and applied research rather than target to specific areas. By restricting areas for research and development, one inadvertently restricts the pipeline feeding into technology.
Iam excited about the new directions in engineered tissues and the beginnings of engineered organ technologies that will require much more fundamental research into basic cell and systems biology. Synthetic biology is starting to emerge from a long lag phase as more groups around the world move into this area. Synthetic biology marks the beginning of a biological engineering science era.
With regard to bioscience, mechanobiology has now emerged with Singapore at the lead. Biology mechanisms are controlled as much by mechanical influences as by chemical interactions. Second, it is difficult to keep pace of the discoveries in brain and neurosciences. The wiring diagrams are now being worked out. Once that is complete, we'll be able to begin to reverse engineer the computational programs and the systems architecture that form the basis of learning and memory.
The 2014 Nobel Prize recognized super-resolution imaging but there are many more new technologies that reinvent how a microscope is being used. Not bad for technology invented in the medieval age!"