Updated on 2 November 2015
Tokyo: Intercept Pharmaceuticals Inc has announced the results of a 72-week phase II dose ranging trial of obeticholic acid (OCA), a lead FXR agonist, in adult patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in Japan. The trial was conducted by Intercept's collaborator, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma.
The company indicates that this trial is the first to evaluate the safety and efficacy of OCA in Japanese NASH patients.
The primary efficacy analysis was conducted on an intention to treat (ITT) basis, testing the dose dependent effects of once daily OCA (10mg, 20mg and 40mg) versus placebo on the primary endpoint of a two point improvement in the NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) with no worsening of fibrosis.
The ITT analysis included all randomized patients who received treatment (50 per group), and patients who discontinued or did not have a repeat biopsy were treated as non-responders. A pre-specified completer analysis was conducted on the patients who had biopsies at both baseline and 72 weeks.
The company has observed that the ITT results show a dose dependent increase in the percentage of OCA treated patients compared to placebo who achieved the primary endpoint (p=0.053, not significant).