Updated on 7 October 2014
Global cases of dementia are expected to multiply three-fold by 2050
Singapore: Three scientists won Nobel Prize for their novel discovery that describes the role of brain cells in body's internal global positioning system and its function as an ‘internal GPS'. The discovery may open doors to formulate new medical interventions for dementia, said experts.
Mr John O'Keefe, one of the three winners, said in a statement that the discovery may lead to identifying newer therapies for unmet medical needs like the Alzheimer's disease.
He added, "Since these spatial cells are among the first to be hit in Alzheimer's, understanding the biology and disease progression should shed important light on the disease process."
Global cases of dementia are expected to multiply three-fold by 2050, however, scientists still remain clueless about drug development and disease etiology.
Mr Doug Brown, director of research and development at Britain's Alzheimer's Society, said, "Understanding the functioning of a healthy brain is important to identify the changes that occur during conditions such as Alzheimer's disease."
A group of eight leading industrial countries had set a goal last year to find a cure or effective treatment for dementia by 2025. However, little progress has been made so far and there is still no treatment that can slow the progression of the disease, with current drugs only easing some of the symptoms of the disorder.