Updated on 27 January 2014
Nobel Laureate Dr RK Pachauri
Bangalore: Increasing global warming and rising sea levels will lead to severe climate changes around the world and coffee growers and other plantation industry sectors should switch to more environment friendly cropping methods to reduce risks to their business, suggested globally known climate expert and Nobel laureate Dr R K Pachauri, in an interaction with coffee industry.
In his key note address at the 5th India International Coffee Festival , Dr Pachauri, who is the chair of 2007 Nobel prize winning International Panel of Climate Change(IPCC) and chairman of Delhi-based The Energy Research Institute (TERI), highlighted the findings of the 5th IPCC report released in 2013. Unprecedented changes in the earth's climate and extreme weather phenomenon will be common in the near future, he said.
The coffee industry's annual meeting is organized by the India Coffee Trust with the support of Coffee Board of India and MM Activ Sci-tech Communications, the publishers of BioSpectrum.
He talked about the major fungal attack by Hemileia vastatrix, which has devastated three-fourths of the Arabica coffee plants around the world. Dr Pachauri said about 150 of the 1500 endophytic fungi collections with TERI have shown excellent anti-fungal properties. With the plantation industry's support, good biopesticides could be developed by the organization to tackle this pest menance.
TERI is also working on developed bioactive compounds from natural plant materials and incorporate nanotechnology to control other major pests attacking coffee plants. Biotechnology could play a major role in identifying the reasons why the other major coffee variety, Robusta is resistant to the white stem borer which has destroyed Arabica plants around the world, Dr Pachauri noted.